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Stegodon(ancient elephant discovered in Japan)



Stegodon ("roofed tooth" from the Ancient Greek words στέγω, stégō, 'to cover', + ὀδούς, odoús, 'tooth' because of the distinctive ridges on the animal's molars) is an extinct genus of proboscidean, related to elephants. It was originally assigned to the family Elephantidae along with modern elephants but is now placed in the extinct family Stegodontidae. Like elephants, Stegodon had teeth with plate-like lophs that are different from those of more primitive proboscideans like gomphotheres and mastodons.

The oldest fossils of the genus are found in Late Miocene strata in Asia, likely originating from the more archaic Stegolophodon, shortly afterwards migrating into Africa.

While the genus became extinct in Africa during the Pliocene, Stegodon remained widespread in Asia until the end of the Pleistocene.

Some species of Stegodon were amongst the largest proboscideans. S. zdanskyi is known from an old male (50-plus years old) from the Yellow River that is 3.87 m (12.7 ft) tall and would have weighed approximately 12.7 tonnes (12.5 long tons; 14.0 short tons) in life. It had a humerus 1.21 m (4.0 ft) long, a femur 1.46 m (4.8 ft) long, and a pelvis 2 m (6.6 ft) wide.

Size varies across species, large stegodonts are comparable in size with modern elephants. Aside from S. zdanskyi, species like S. ganesha, S. miensis, S. orientalis, S. elephantoides and S. kaisensis are also relatively large bodied. Large stegodonts usually occur in the mainland. There also exist medium sized stegodonts present in large islands like those of Japan and Java. These stegodonts may include: S. aurorae, S. trigonocephalus, S. insignis and S. florensis florensis. Stegodonts that live in smaller islands usually result in further dwarfism.

S. florensis insularis is an extinct subspecies of Stegodon endemic to the island of Flores, Indonesia, and an example of insular dwarfism. The direct ancestor of S. florensis insularis is the larger-bodied S. florensis florensis, from Early Pleistocene and early Middle Pleistocene sites on Flores.

Remains of S. florensis insularis are known from the cave of Liang Bua.

Life-sized models of Stegodon

Similar to modern-day elephants, stegodonts were likely good swimmers, as their fossils are frequently encountered on Asian islands (such as Sulawesi, Flores, Timor, Sumba in Indonesia; Luzon and Mindanao in the Philippines; Taiwan; and Japan), all locations not connected by land bridges with the Asian continent even during periods of low sea level (during the cold phases of the Pleistocene). A general evolutionary trend in large mammals on islands is island dwarfing. Many among the dwarfed species of Stegodonts came from the lineage of S. ganesha, S. zdanskyi and S. elephantoides. The smallest dwarf species known is S. sumbaensis from Sumba,[8] with an estimated body mass of 250 kg.

The slightly larger S. sondaari, known from Early Pleistocene layers on the Indonesian island of Flores, had an estimated body weight of between 355 and 650 kg.

Another estimate gives a shoulder height of 1.2 m (3.9 ft) and a weight of 350–400 kg (770–880 lb).

Philippine pygmy stegodonts also have a small stature bigger than or around the size of S. sondaari and S. sompoensis of Celebes, with S. mindanensis having a projected weight of 400 kg.

S. luzonensis and S. sompoensis have estimated masses of around 1,300 kg and 1,000 kg respectively.

A medium- to large-sized stegodont, S. florensis, with a body weight of about 1,700 kg, appeared about 850,000 years ago, and then also evolved into a dwarf form, S. f. insularis, with an estimated body mass of about 570 kg.

Another estimate gives a shoulder height of 2 m (6.6 ft) and a weight of 2 t (2.0 long tons; 2.2 short tons).

The latter was contemporaneous with, and hunted by, the dwarf hominin Homo floresiensis, and disappeared about 49,600 years ago, earlier than initially thought.

Dwarf stegodonts were believed to be the main prey of the still-extant Komodo dragon before modern humans introduced their modern main prey in its range, banded pig, rusa deer, and water buffalo.


In the game, it's about the same size as a mammoth, but this elephant is in the tropics, whereas mammoths are cold.

These elephants are neutral and live in groups of three, but if one is attacked the whole group becomes hostile.

These elephants also have very long tusks that can be inflicted with a bleed effect that can instantly kill a level 10 player.

It also grants a pack buff for the entire pack, so even Tyrannosaurus and Spinosaurus will struggle.

In addition, when attacked by a carnivore, a buff called "Carnivore Killer" that can effectively deal large damage to carnivores or hostile creatures will be activated.

In other words, the herd buff and the carnivorous killer buff make him the most powerful elephant.

However, if you are lucky, you may drop a large amount of marbled meat and a low chance of "Stegodon Fang".

This tusk can be used as a substitute for the long spear.

By the way, basically all individuals in the herd are at the same level (if you're lucky, you may encounter a herd of level 150 Stegodons?), and the herd's buff is applied.

Taming method

First, you need to hand-feed and feed vegetables such as carrots and potatoes, then form a "Stegodon alliance".

While forming an alliance, you will be a "temporary tam", and in order to complete the taming completely, you will have to fight together and increase the taming gauge every time you defeat hostile creatures such as Tyrannosaurus, Therizinosaurus, and Spinosaurus.

However, if you mistakenly attack Stegodon with whom you are in an alliance, they will become hostile, the alliance will be dissolved, and all taming gauges will be reset.

Also, if you attack neutral creatures such as Triceratops or friendly creatures such as Dodo, the alliance will be canceled and the taming gauge will be reset and you will be hostile, so you need to be careful when fighting hostile creatures. .

After taming

Stegodons are faster than mammoths and can run as fast as tyrannosaurs.

In addition, you can perform a bleeding attack using fangs just like in the wild, and if you create a herd of 3 or more, you will be given a herd buff just like in the wild, and you will be a "carnivorous killer" against carnivores or hostile creatures. will also activate.

Also, like the mammoth, it can grab and carry medium to small creatures such as dodos and raptors with its long snout, and can also stomp.

However, since combat is the main focus, it is not possible to cut the weight of items such as wood, and it may become too heavy to move due to too much harvesting.

It will be necessary to use Mammoth for gathering and Stegodon for combat.

Instead, it activates Howl of the Brotherhood, which grants other herbivores buffs that increase their Attack, Defense, and Speed.

By the way, fiber can also be collected along with berries.

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Alpha mutants are also treated as subspecies, so they can be tamed in the same way as normal types, but wild types have a higher level than normal types.
Also, at least it's a very rare species, so rare that you don't know if you can find it even if you look for it.
However, it's characteristic is that its fangs glow, so if it's glowing somewhere, it's probably better to assume that it's an alpha variant.

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In addition, it is not possible to breed between the normal type and the alpha mutant type, and it is necessary to breed the normal type and the alpha mutant separately (By the way, it looks like a TEK, but other than the appearance, it is a normal type. I'm also thinking about the same "TEK species Stegodon".)

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